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Bioenergy in the Nordic-Baltic-NW Russian Region
			: Status, barriers and future

Bioenergy in the Nordic-Baltic-NW Russian Region : Status, barriers and future »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Antti Asikainen, Arunas Bruzgulis, Aija Budreiko, Claus Felby, Karin Hansen, Satu Helynen, Jakob Hirsmark, Morten Ingerslev, Lars-Erik Larsson, Kenk Nyström, Henn Pärn, and Johan Vinterbäck

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

ISBN: 9789289313636

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Bioenergy, Agricultural Crops, Sustainable Energy Supply, Biofuels, Economy and Environment, Bioenergy Chain

The status of use of bioenergy, the current barriers for increased use and the future use of bioenergy in the Nordic-Baltic-NW Russian region is described in this report. In this region, forests are abundant and a long tradi...

Nordic civic society organisations and the future of welfare services
			: A model for Europe?

Nordic civic society organisations and the future of welfare services : A model for Europe? »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Aila-Leena Matthies

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

ISBN: 9789289312899

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, National Welfare, Civic Society, Existing Research, Nordic Analysis, European Researchers, European Context

When well functioning national welfare states are put under pressure, also the tasks of civic society and citizens' mutual responsibility are being re-defined. Hence, the significance of the civic society organisations in on...

Toxic Substances in Articles: The Need for Information

Toxic Substances in Articles: The Need for Information »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Janet G. Hutchins, Rachel I. Massey, and Joel Tickner

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9789289317788

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Toxic Chemicals, Public Health, Toxic Substances, Recycling, Substances in Articles, Voluntary Initiatives

The use of toxic chemicals in articles is a growing concern for public health and the environment. International trade results in substances being transported among regions. From toys and household items to electronic equipm...

Socio-economic costs of continuing the status-quo of mercury pollution

Socio-economic costs of continuing the status-quo of mercury pollution »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Stefan Åstrom, Mohammed Belhaj, Elisabeth G. Pacyna, Anna Glodek, Jozef M. Pacyna, John Munthe, Damian Panasiuk, and Kyrre Sundseth

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9789289317467

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Global Pollutant, Mercury Pollution, Methyl Mercury, Mercury Contamination, IQ Losses, Contaminated Fish

Mercury is considered a global pollutant and it has been concluded that a significant portion of humans and wildlife throughout the world are exposed to methyl mercury at levels of concern. The Governing Council of UNEP has...

Bioethics, Politics and Business

Bioethics, Politics and Business »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Salla Lötjönen, and Helena von Troil

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9789289317283

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Biosciences, Biotechnology, Role of the Media, Bioethics, Biopolitics, Decision-making

In the decision-making involving biosciences and biotechnology, both politicians and the general public have come to increasingly rely on different kinds of experts and specialised bodies. Interest groups such as industry, r...

The challenges of energy efficiency innovations in the Nordic building sector
			: Greener Markets and Cleaner Technologies (GMCT)

The challenges of energy efficiency innovations in the Nordic building sector : Greener Markets and Cleaner Technologies (GMCT) »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Tareq Emtairah, Morrigan Hayes, Vida Rozite, Åke Thidell, and Naoko Tojo

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9789289317238

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Environmental Technologies, Energy Efficiency, Green Market, Cleaner Technologies, Building Industry, Policy Interventions

The development and diffusion of environmental technologies, which is considered to be one way of achieving the dual goals of maintaining competitiveness in a dynamic and knowledge-based economy while integrating environment...

AFFORNORD
			: Effects on Ecosystems, Landscape and Rural Development

AFFORNORD : Effects on Ecosystems, Landscape and Rural Development »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Bjarni Didrik Sigurdsson, Gudmundur Halldorsson, and Edda Sigurdis Oddsdottir

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9789289317184

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, AFFORNORD, Afforestation, Ecosystems, Nordic Countries, Biodiversity, Landscape Dynamics

The Nordic project AFFORNORD studied the effects of afforestation on ecosystems, landscape and rural development in the years 2004-2006. Forests play a major role in the environment and economy of the Nordic countries. In hi...

Risk assessment of caffeine among children and adolescents in the Nordic countries

Risk assessment of caffeine among children and adolescents in the Nordic countries »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Marta Axelstad Petersen, Elisabeth Elind, Helena Hallström, Elisabeth Jona Solbergsdottir, Kirsi-Helena Liukkonen, Helle Margrete Meltzer, Tor Øystein Fotland, and Henrik Rye Lam

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9789289317313

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Hazard Identification, Caffeine, Central Nervous System, Tolerance Development, Jitteriness, Soft Drinks

The first part of the report has its main focus on a hazard identification and characterisation of caffeine, with special emphasis on the effects on the central nervous system. Furthermore, there is a review of epidemiologic...

EU maximum levels for dioxins and dioxin-like PCBs
			:  - Impact on exposure and food supply in the Nordic countries

EU maximum levels for dioxins and dioxin-like PCBs : - Impact on exposure and food supply in the Nordic countries »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Östen Andersson, Arne Büchert, Tommy Cederberg, Anja Hallikainen, Helle Katrine Knutsen, Hannu Kiviranta, Marie Louise Wiborg, Per Ola Darnerud, Kristín Ólafsdóttir, and Kim Peters

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9789289316828

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Dioxins, Dioxin-like PCBs, Dietary Exposure, Food Supply, Consumer Exposure, Dioxin Risks

The project "Review of maximum levels for dioxins and dioxin-like PCBs, impact on the consumer exposure and the food supply", was initiated by The Nordic Council of Ministers as one of their project to follow up the agreemen...

Environmental Hazard Classification of Metals and Metal Compounds
			:  - A Probabilistic Assessment of Classification Power for Data Generated by the T/D Protocol

Environmental Hazard Classification of Metals and Metal Compounds : - A Probabilistic Assessment of Classification Power for Data Generated by the T/D Protocol »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Jonas Falck, and Reinhard Meister

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9789289316637

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Transformation Protocol, Soluble Metal Compounds, Ecotoxicity, Metal Ions, OECD, Dr. Reinhard Meister

The objective of this project was to give guidance for understanding the performance and reliability of a classification rule, when applied to data generated by the transformation/dissolution (T/D) protocol. The classificati...